Between 1990 and 2010, Burundi lost 40.5% of its forest cover, or around 117,000 hectares. Illegal cutting of trees for charcoal production is the primary cause for this drastic decline. Charcoal burning is big business in a country that depends almost entirely on this inexpensive fuel for cooking. But the long-term consequences of Burundi’s deforestation will be dire. By 2040 all of Burundi’s forest will be gone.